This systematic review and meta-analysis compares the risk of subsequent ischemic stroke among patients with transient ischemic attack (TIA) or minor ischemic stroke who received care at rapid-access TIA or neurology clinics, inpatient units, emergency departments, and unspecified or multiple settings.
This randomized clinical trial compares the effectiveness of prolonged exposure vs cognitive processing therapy for treating posttraumatic stress disorder in veterans.
This randomized clinical trial investigates noninferiority of fosfomycin vs ceftriaxone or meropenem in achieving clinical and microbiological cure among patients with urinary tract infections due to multidrug-resistant Escherichia coli.
This cross-sectional study assesses the prevalence of chronic diseases and their associated risk factors among adults living in Puerto Rico before vs after Hurricane Maria.
This mixed-methods study including a survey and qualitative interviews of US veterans who underwent inpatient surgery assesses whether the percentage of time spent at home after surgery was associated with quality of life, function, and decisional regret after surgery.
This cross-sectional study compares diabetic drug utilization and cost patterns between Colorado Medicaid and Marketplace health insurance plans during 2014 and 2015.
This randomized noninferiority trial investigates whether a 5-session written exposure therapy is noninferior in the treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) vs 10-session cognitive processing therapy among service members diagnosed with PTSD.
This survey study assesses whether child masking policies are associated with COVID-19–related childcare program closures.
This case-control study evaluates the association of an elevated platelet count with risk of cancer by cancer type and time from a complete blood count test to cancer diagnosis.
This cohort study uses data from the Korean National Health Insurance Service database to assess the association of depression with the development of new-onset atrial fibrillation.
This study of pooled data from 2 randomized clinical trials compares the efficacy and safety of a novel ω-3–phospholipid/free fatty acid to lower triglyceride levels in patients with hypertriglyceridemia.
This diagnostic study examines the feasibility of screening newborns for the chromosome 15 imprinting disorders Angelman syndrome, Prader-Willi syndrome, and chromosome 15 duplication syndrome using SNRPN methylation analysis.
This cohort study examines the use of carbon ion radiotherapy as treatment vs en bloc surgical resection in patients with sacral chordoma.
This cohort study identifies 32-year prescription drug misuse trajectories involving opioids, stimulants, and sedatives or tranquilizers and examines associations between these trajectories, substance use disorder (SUD) symptoms in adulthood, and baseline characteristics.
This cohort study examines spatiotemporal variation in COVID-19 outcomes among patients with cancer in the United States.
This nonrandomized controlled trial investigates the feasibility of SARS-CoV-2 surveillance among children and childcare workers at day care centers in Germany and models the efficacy of surveillance for preventing viral spread.
This randomized clinical trial evaluates the use of therapeutic aquatic exercise vs physical therapy in individuals with chronic low back pain.
This meta-analysis assesses whether use of sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors (SFLT2-Is) is associated with cardiovascular benefits in patients with atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease or its risk factors, diabetes, or heart failure
This cohort study of African American and non-Hispanic White men uses the Flatiron Health database to examine survival outcomes associated with first-line abiraterone therapy for metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer.
This survey study investigates the associations between sleep behaviors and adolescents’ health-related characteristics during COVID-19 pandemic high school closures in Switzerland.
his systematic review and meta-analysis assesses outcomes associated with arterial hyperoxia in critically ill children.
This cohort study assesses the SARS-CoV-2 reinfection rate and estimated effectiveness of the inactivated whole virion vaccine BBV152 against reinfection among health care workers in New Delhi, India.
This cross-sectional study assesses whether municipal characteristics are associated with in-home deaths vs deaths outside the home among older Japanese adults.
This cohort study investigates the prevalence of severe outcomes among youths aged 17 years or younger within 14 days of testing positive for SARS-CoV-2 in emergency departments in 8 countries.
This decision analytical model assesses conditions that favor a deceased donor transplant followed by a live donor transplant sequence or vice versa in pediatric patients with kidney failure.
This cohort study estimates the population-level prevalence of preeclampsia risk factors used in prophylactic low-dose aspirin guidelines for pregnant patients and the association of these risk factors with reported rates of pregnancy-related hypertension.
This cohort study of patients from the US Department of Veterans Affairs Health System compares the rates of lower extremity amputations in patients with and without gout, as well as factors that might be associated with differences.
This cohort study evaluates the association of the COVID-19 pandemic with diabetes-related care measures, foot complications, and amputation among adults in Ontario, Canada.
This quality improvement study assesses a full-integration approach to hospital mergers using quality metrics that track hospital mortality and readmission.
This cross-sectional study examines the combined association of weight-for-height z score and body fat with early childhood development in the East Asia and Pacific region.
This cohort study describes the death rates and drug types involved in fatal drug overdoses in the past 15 years among individuals experiencing homelessness in Boston, Massachusetts.
This cohort study evaluates whether a prerelease Medicaid enrollment assistance program was associated with increased health care use within 30 days after release from prison.
This economic evaluation compares the cost-effectiveness of physical therapy vs intra-articular glucocorticoid injection as initial treatment strategies for knee osteoarthritis.
This cohort study examines factors associated with clinically important 10-year declines in the physical health of US women from age 55 to 65 years.
This cohort study investigates factors associated with long-term risk of relapse among patients with myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein antibody–associated disease in the United Kingdom.
This cohort study characterizes early SARS-CoV-2 viral RNA load in individuals with incident infections in association with COVID-19 symptom onset and severity.
This cross-sectional study uses geospatial analysis to identify medical facilities that present opportunities for military-civilian partnership in obstetric care and assess whether expanded use of military medical treatment facilities could improve access to emergency cesarean delivery care.
This cross-sectional study identifies potential divergences by race and ethnicity and by sex among older US adults who died due to opioid overdose.
This cohort assesses whether there is a temporal association between invasive dental procedures and subsequent later prosthetic joint infection among patients in England.
This survey study examines the association of having children in the home and attitudes and beliefs about firearms among US gun owners.
This cross-sectional study examines whether racial and ethnic differences were present for therapeutic inertia among participants in the Systolic Blood Pressure Intervention Trial.
This cohort study examines the incidence of hepatitis C seroconversion in individuals prescribed opioid therapy for noncancer pain.
This cross-sectional study quantifies the nutritional quality of foods and beverages posted on social media accounts of highly followed celebrities and assesses the association of nutritional quality with post sponsorship, celebrity profession and sex, and followers’ likes and comments.
This cross-sectional study investigates the association of sociodemographic, geographic, and parental characteristics with delayed cochlear implantation among children in California.
This cohort study evaluates the risk of self-harm and overdose among adolescents and young adults during vs before the COVID-19 pandemic.
This cohort study examines the levels of mental health and substance use visits by physicians during the COVID-19 pandemic.
This cross-sectional study uses data from the Household Pulse Survey to assess whether the introduction of advance payments for the Child Tax Credit in mid-July 2021 was associated with changes in food insufficiency in US households with children.
This cross-sectional study examines the representation of American Indian and Alaska Native individuals through the academic stages of medical training and proposes a framework that may be used to enhance diversification efforts.
This cross-sectional study uses data from more than 800 hospitals to compare COVID-19 hospitalizations for people experiencing incarceration or homelessness with COVID-19 hospitalizations among the general population.
This meta-analysis reviews and analyzes the evidence regarding interventions to reduce the opioid prescribing rate or quantity for treating pain in patients discharged from the emergency department.
This cross-sectional study assesses the rates of US Preventive Services Task Force guideline–concordant cervical cancer screening in the US from 2005 to 2019 and examines the sociodemographic factors associated with women’s self-reported reasons for not receiving up-to-date screening.
This cohort study uses data from a randomized clinical trial to assess the range of clinician responses to elevated blood pressure alerts via the electronic health record for patients receiving hypertension telemonitoring.
This cohort study examines the geographically based risk factors for emergency department visits and hospitalizations associated with severe hypoglycemia and diabetic ketoacidosis or hyperglycemic hyperosmolar state in insured individuals with diabetes.
This umbrella review assesses evidence from meta-analyses of randomized clinical trials and cohort studies examining the association between hormonal contraceptive use and adverse health outcomes among women.
This cohort study analyzes the association of COVID-19–related lockdown measures with myopia progression in schoolchildren using data from 2 independent longitudinal studies and compares the performance of defocus incorporated multiple segments lens with single vision lens in reducing myopia progression.
This cohort study investigates the association between maternal eating disorders and risk of neurodevelopmental disorders in children of mothers with eating disorders using large-scale population-based Swedish health care registers.
This systematic review and meta-analysis investigates the frequency of adverse events in placebo groups compared with that in vaccine groups in COVID-19 vaccine trials.
This cross-sectional study examines the use of community health workers to perform screening of individuals for the presence of oral cancer in India.
This cohort study assesses the extent of racial and ethnic disparities in the incidence, clinical stage, and outcomes of prostate cancer among African American and White men treated in the Veterans Affairs health care system.
This cohort study of patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage assesses the associations between onset-to-treatment time and postsurgical outcomes.
This cohort study assesses whether higher levels of family member–reported palliative care needs are observed among those whose critically ill loved ones meet a clinical palliative care trigger compared with those who do not meet such a trigger.
This cohort study examines a clinical score’s ability to estimate the benefit from peptide receptor radionuclide therapy for individual patients with well-differentiated neuroendocrine tumors.
This nonrandomized controlled trial examines efficacy of vamorolone treatment for Duchenne muscular dystrophy among boys compared with glucocorticoid treatment.
This cross-sectional analysis evaluates secular trends in global musculoskeletal rehabilitation needs by sex, age, region, country, and health condition.
This cross-sectional study uses the California Health Interview Survey to investigate disparities in receipt of smoking cessation advice and assistance between Latino and non-Latino White smokers.
This randomized noninferiority trial compares the effectiveness of electronic directly observed therapy for tuberculosis treatment regimen with in-person observation.
This survey study assesses sexual violence associated with sexual identity and gender among lesbian, gay, bisexual, queer, asexual, and other sexual identities (LGBQA+) adults reporting their experiences as adolescents and young adults.
This randomized clinical trial evaluates the improvement in the 6-minute walk distance test and in leg and hand muscle endurance after use of urolithin A in patients aged 65 to 90 years.
This cross-sectional study uses verified data from the National Jail Compendium to assess the availability of medication for the treatment of opioid use disorder among pregnant individuals incarcerated in US jails.
This prognostic study assesses methods of identifying patients at high risk of suicide attempts within 1 and 6 months after patients presented at an emergency department for psychiatric problems using clinician assessments, a brief patient self-report scale, and electronic health records.
This cohort study examines racial and ethnic differences in lung cancer screening completion and follow-up rates in a multiethnic population in Hawaii.
This qualitative study examines patient and caregiver experiences with and perceptions of Risk Evaluation and Mitigation Strategy programs with Elements to Assure Safe Use.
This cohort study investigates the association of endometriosis and risk of early menopause, adjusting for assesses the anthropometric, behavioral, and reproductive factors, among premenopausal female nurses in the Nurses’ Health Study II cohort.
This survey study compares changes in COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy between Black and White individuals in the US and examines mechanisms that might help explain the observed differences.
This qualitative study develops the construct and collects examples of diagnostic pitfalls, defined as clinical situations and scenarios vulnerable to errors that may lead to missed, delayed, or wrong diagnoses.
This cohort study compares the clinical consequences of incident severe chronic kidney disease (CKD) and the first diagnosis of a malignant tumor among men and women residing in Canada.
This cohort study examines the association of a family integrated care model vs standard neonatal care with mental health outcomes among fathers of preterm neonates.
This cohort study examines whether a childhood temperament characterized by shyness and avoidance of social interactions is associated with poor cardiometabolic health.
This cohort study examines the translatability of findings from studies on artificial intelligence funded by the National Institutes of Health (NIH).
This cohort study examines the associations between cessation of natalizumab therapy in women with multiple sclerosis before or during the first trimester of pregnancy with relapse occurrence and relapse-related disability.
This cross-sectional study examines the association of racial discrimination and the connectivity of salience network nodes to offer insight into the association between racism and adverse health outcomes.
This survey study evaluates the factors associated with consumers’ willingness to share their digital health information for research, health care, and commercial uses.
This cross-sectional study examines trends in costs of brand-name medications for treatment of non–small cell lung cancer and within-class price differences between these medications in the US from 2015 to 2020.
This qualitative study assesses the experiences and perspectives of individuals with untreated opioid use disorder seen in emergency departments (EDs) in 5 regions of the US.
This cross-sectional study analyzes the prevalence of stigmatizing language in the electronic health records at a large academic medical center.
This systematic review of 38 studies assesses the association between the costs of physician continuous professional development and drug costs related to prescribing.
This population-based cohort study assesses the incidence, etiology, and clinical outcomes of patients with nontraumatic shock treated by emergency medical services (EMS) in Victoria, Australia.
This cohort study of men who have undergone radical prostatectomy assesses the association between incidental nonselective β-blocker use and treatment for prostate cancer recurrence.
This cohort study analyzes outcomes associated with the use of patiromer as monotherapy for non–life-threatening hyperkalemia in adult patients in an acute care setting.
This qualitative study aims to identify and characterize the reported health and well-being outcomes associated with perceived discrimination among academic medicine faculty, staff, and students.
This cohort study of 2022 adults with traumatic brain injury identifies unique trajectories of insomnia during the 12 months after injury based on serial assessment using standardized measures.
This secondary analysis cohort study of Systolic Blood Pressure Intervention Trial (SPRINT) participants assesses the association between antihypertensive medications that stimulate type 2 and 4 angiotensin II receptors with the risk of incident cognitive impairment.
This randomized clinical trial compares the efficacy of plinabulin vs pegfilgrastim to prevent severe neutropenia in patients receiving docetaxel myelosuppressive chemotherapy.
This systematic review and network meta-analysis compares the short-term and long-term outcomes associated with first-line chemotherapy regiments used in Japan for patients with metastatic pancreatic cancer.
This systematic review and meta-analysis compares adverse neonatal outcomes among mothers exposed to marijuana during pregnancy vs mothers not exposed to marijuana during pregnancy in 16 cohort studies.
This cohort study examines whether a smartphone-based loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay is suitable for SARS-CoV-2 and influenza virus testing without requiring specialized equipment, accessory devices, or custom reagents.
This cohort study examines changes in mental health care during the pandemic and the use of telemedicine in outpatient care among Medicare beneficiaries with severe mental illness.
This cohort study investigates patient- and prescription-related factors associated with opioid-related fatal or nonfatal overdose among opioid-naive individuals receiving an initial opioid prescription.
This survey study examines the association of moderate or greater depressive symptoms with believing COVID-19 vaccine–related misinformation.
This birth cohort study evaluates visual function and ocular morbidity in young adults born extremely preterm compared with controls born full term.
This cohort study uses data from national registers in Finland to examine the association between exposure to maternal preeclampsia, alone and together with exposure to perinatal complications, and the risk of neurodevelopmental and psychiatric disorders in offspring.
This cohort study analyzes data from the American College of Surgeons Trauma Quality Improvement Program database to develop and validate a model to identify patients requiring early laparotomy following trauma.
This cross-sectional study assesses whether the COVID-19 pandemic was associated with changes in reasons for suicide among individuals in Japan.
This cohort study examines the association between spinal cord stimulation treatment and long-term opioid therapy among patients with postlaminectomy syndrome (PLS).
This cohort study uses data from a nationally representative sample of US adults to assess whether serum folate or vitamin B12 levels are associated with the risk of cardiovascular disease mortality among individuals with type 2 diabetes.
This cohort study evaluates the association of mild to moderate COVID-19 with change in mobility and physical function in a population-based sample of adults aged 50 years or older in Canada.
This diagnostic study assesses the accuracy of revised guidelines for the diagnosis of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease using autopsy-confirmed results from surveillance centers in France, Germany, Italy, and the United Kingdom.
This meta-analysis examines individual patient data from 8 randomized clinical trials of COVID-19 convalescent plasma to determine its safety and efficacy in treating hospitalized patients with COVID-19.
This prognostic study develops an index for predicting the expected relative COVID-19 convalescent plasma treatment benefit for patients hospitalized for COVID-19 using patients’ baseline characteristics.
This cohort study examines whether sleep problems and polygenic risk scores for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder are associated with hyperactivity/inattention symptoms in children aged 8 to 9 years from the general population in Japan.
This case series examines how individuals who died by suicide responded to a survey question regarding access to firearms before death.
This survey study examines US trends in insurance coverage for acupuncture from 2010 through 2019.
This cross-sectional study examines gender disparities in publication citations between men and women among highly cited researchers in the field of biomedicine.
This cross-sectional study examines changes in emergency department visits and hospitalizations due to cannabis exposures among children after legalization of recreational cannabis in Canada.
This cross-sectional study assesses the trends in physician-voter turnout and reported reasons for not voting in midterm and general US elections from 2000 to 2020.
This cross-sectional study examines the use of telemedicine for buprenorphine inductions among individuals with commercial insurance or Medicare Advantage during the temporary repeal of the Ryan Haight Act requirement of in-person evaluation before prescribing buprenorphine during to the COVID-19 pandemic.
This cohort study investigates the dispensation of the COVID-19 vaccination at federally qualified health centers in the US and whether the vaccine has been distributed equitably to people of different races and ethnicities.
This cross-sectional study evaluates changes in the rate of germline BRCA testing among patients with ovarian cancer between 2008 and 2018 and analyzes factors associated with testing rates.
This cross-sectional study investigates intersections among race, ethnicity, and sex from 2000 to 2019 among senior faculty in radiation oncology.
This decision analytic modeling study uses a simulation model to evaluate the association of US COVID-19 vaccination campaigns with infections, hospitalizations, and deaths.
This cohort study examines gender differences in the amount and type of student participation during in-person and virtual classes in graduate-level academic medicine learning environments.
This cohort study uses statewide claims data to assess variability in diabetic eye disease screening across Wisconsin health systems and to examine the association between patient health system and screening receipt.
This cross-sectional study estimates the seroprevalence of antibodies specific to the receptor binding domain of the spike protein of SARS-CoV-2 and vaccination coverage among adults in Los Angeles County, California, in April 2021.
This cohort study uses Medicare claims data to analyze health outcomes of Medicare patients admitted to the hospital and being treated by hospitalists on busy vs less busy days.
This cross-sectional study of health claims from patients with private insurance examines trends in the cost of entecavir prescribed for chronic hepatitis B treatment.
This cohort study evaluates the associations of preconception paternal smoking with neonatal outcomes.
This cross-sectional study examines the prevalence of restricted choice of treatment in control groups among physicians and investigators conducting oncology randomized clinical trials (RCTs).
This survey study assesses trends in psychological distress among US adults surveyed during 4 different phases of the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020 and 2021.
This cross-sectional study compares the cost and effectiveness of 3 posttreatment strategies for surveillance of human papillomavirus (HPV)–associated oropharyngeal cancer.
This cohort study compares perceived impairment associated with depressive symptoms among physicians before intern year vs during intern year.
This quality improvement study assesses whether revision of positive Lyme disease test result text was associated with decreases in the frequency of antibiotic prescriptions for patients without confirmatory results.
This cohort study uses national Medicaid claims data to assess US state variation in effective contraceptive use 60 days post partum.
This case series uses state hospitalization and death records to examine trends in rates of gun homicides and other rates of firearm violence in California between 2005 and 2019.
This quality improvement study characterizes surgical oncology trials, analyzes growth, identifies associations with early discontinuation or results reporting, and evaluates proportions of trials involving each neoplasm site.
This comparative effectiveness study evaluates aerosol particle leak and standard surgical mask fit with 3 elastomeric harness designs tested on mannequin heads and human participants using US Occupational Safety and Health Administration N95 fit factor requirements.
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