Zika virus (ZIKV) is a flavivirus transmitted primarily through the bite of an infected mosquito, through sexual activity without a condom, and probably through blood transfusion and exposure to other bodily fluids.1 Prior to 2015, ZIKV disease outbreaks occurred in areas of Africa, Southeast Asia, and the Pacific Islands. Since 2015, outbreaks have occurred in the Americas.1 In general, ZIKV infection produces no clinical symptoms in many individuals or a mild, self-limiting illness characterized by rash, fever, myalgia, arthralgia, headaches, and/or nonpurulent conjunctivitis.1
Pastula DM, Yeargin-Allsopp M, Kobau R. Enhanced Epilepsy Surveillance and Awareness in the Age of Zika. JAMA Neurol. 2017;74(6):631–632. doi:10.1001/jamaneurol.2017.0215
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