Status epilepticus (SE) is a very common neurological emergency in children.1,2 Refractory convulsive SE (RCSE) is characterized by the persistence of convulsive seizures or evolution of the convulsive seizure to nonconvulsive seizures event after initial antiseizure treatment.3 Children presenting in RCSE account for a high percentage of morbidity and mortality.3-5 In one study, the mortality was 32% for children with RCSE.4
Patel AD. Time May Be of the Essence in the Treatment of Pediatric Patients With Refractory Convulsive Status Epilepticus. JAMA Neurol. 2018;75(4):402–403. doi:10.1001/jamaneurol.2017.4028
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