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January 22, 2019

Neurocritical Care Outcomes, Research, and Technology: A Review

Author Affiliations
  • 1NeuroIntensive Care Unit, University of Florida Health Shands Hospital, Gainesville
  • 2Department of Neurology, Division of Neurocritical Care, College of Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville
  • 3Rush University Medical Center, Rush Medical College, Chicago, Illinois
  • 4Neurosciences Critical Care Services, Neuro-Intensive Care Unit, Henry Ford Hospital, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan
JAMA Neurol. 2019;76(5):612-618. doi:10.1001/jamaneurol.2018.4407

Importance  Neurocritical care has grown into an organized specialty that may have consequences for patient care, outcomes, research, and neurointensive care (neuroICU) technology.

Observations  Neurocritical care improves care and outcomes of the patients who are neurocritically ill, and neuroICUs positively affect the financial state of health care systems. The development of neurocritical care as a recognized subspecialty has fostered multidisciplinary research, neuromonitoring, and neurocritical care information technology, with advances and innovations in practice and progress.

Conclusions and Relevance  Neurocritical care has become an important part of health systems and an established subspecialty of neurology. Understanding its structure, scope of practice, consequences for care, and research are important.