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September 1960

Oculomotor Function Following Cerebral Hemidecortication in the Monkey: A Study with Special Reference to Optokinetic and Vestibular Nystagmus

Arch Neurol. 1960;3(3):298-305. doi:10.1001/archneur.1960.00450030076008

The role of the primate cerebral cortex in oculomotor function has been extensively investigated with electrical stimulation techniques. Recent experiments have demonstrated that deviational (horizontal and vertical), and centering eye movements may be elicited upon stimulations from almost every point on the cortex or subcortex. In the alert preparation, such as monkeys with cervical transection or chronically implanted electrodes,12,22 the evoked ocular movements are usually of the deviational type. As a rule the binocular movement is horizontal and contralateral in direction. In the occipital lobe, vertical or oblique movements are more frequently obtained than from other areas of the brain.20 Electrical stimulation in the anesthetized preparation, in contrast, induces more of eye centering; horizontal movements are less frequent, and vertical are rare.11 These observations suggest that the entire cerebrum influences oculomotor function. In man, there seems to be some cortical specificity for ocular responses. Electrical stimulations elicit