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December 1960

The Proximal Anterior Cerebral Artery: An Anatomic Study

Author Affiliations

Department of Neurosurgery, Wayne State University, College of Medicine, Neurosurgical Services of the Grace and Detroit Memorial Hospitals.

Arch Neurol. 1960;3(6):661-664. doi:10.1001/archneur.1960.00450060049005

Clinically, the majority of congenitally small or occluded anterior cerebral arteries involve the first portion of this vessel from its junction with the internal carotid to the anterior communicating artery. The impetus for this paper was derived from the belief that the symptomatology of anterior cerebral artery occlusion was confined to that area supplied by the first portion of this vessel.1

The gross anatomy of the first portion of the anterior cerebral artery has been adequately described by many authors, the earliest being Heubner,2 Beevor,3 and Ayer.4 More recently Shellshear,5 Critchley,6 Alexander,7 and Kaplan8,9 have made contributions to the anatomical studies. In France, Lazorthes,10 and Foix and Hillemand11 have also described the general anatomy.

The anterior cerebral artery in its first course gives off 8 to 12 small branches from its superior aspect which arise at right angles and perforate,

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