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May 1963

Traumatic Aphasia: A Study of Aphasia in War Wounds of the Brain.

Arch Neurol. 1963;8(5):579-580. doi:10.1001/archneur.1963.00460050129019

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This study of aphasia stemmed from the Military Hospital for Head Injuries, Oxford, during the Second World War. Two hundred and eighty cases of traumatic aphasia were studied with the techniques familiar to neurologists. In addition, careful measurement was made of the site of wounding and the position of metallic fragments within the brain using roentgenography. For comparison, this picture was recorded on a brain chart devised by Ritchie Russell. It appears that the technique of measurement for charting (using mechanical drawings) is about as reliable as it is currently possible to devise. I would have appreciated the inclusion of the Sylvian fissure in Russell's brain chart, but the diagram may have been crowded with it.

The chapter concerning the anatomical extent of the speech territory brings no surprises. The composite chartings reveal at a glance the central portion of the wounds that resulted in aphasia in the left and

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