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August 1964

Hereditary Partial Agenesis of Corpus Callosum: Biochemical and Pathological Studies

Arch Neurol. 1964;11(2):198-208. doi:10.1001/archneur.1964.00460200094009

While sporadically appearing agenesis of the corpus callosum is a relatively common entity, a genetic form of this condition has, to our knowledge, not been known to occur in man. We, therefore, wish to describe a family in whom this anomaly was transmitted in a sex-linked, recessive manner, affecting five male infants. In each instance, the disease manifested itself by seizures commencing within a few hours of birth and by severe developmental retardation. At the time of writing, three of the patients have succumbed. Neuropathological and neurochemical findings on one are herewith presented.

Report of Cases  One patient, III-13, was examined personally; data regarding the four others were obtained from medical records and family interviews.Case 1 (Index Case, III-13).—This was a white male, born March 9, 1961. Pregnancy and delivery were completely normal. Birth weight was 8 lb 5 oz (3.7 kg). At 60 hours of age, the infant

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