[Skip to Navigation]
September 1965

Enzymatic Changes in Denervated Muscle: II. Biochemical Studies

Author Affiliations

From the Neurological Unit, Boston City Hospital, and the Department of Neurology, Harvard Medical School.

Arch Neurol. 1965;13(3):274-282. doi:10.1001/archneur.1965.00470030054004

Introduction  THE DIFFERENCES in mammalian skeletal muscle metabolism with higher lactic acid production in white muscle13,17,18 and increased oxygen consumption2,10,37 and carbon dioxide evolution3 in red muscle indicate a greater reliance of the former upon anaerobic reactions for the production of energy, and of the latter upon aerobic mechanisms. The demonstration by Lawrie29,30 of the direct relationship between the activity of the cytochrome system and the content of myoglobin in striated muscle focused attention upon the variation in enzyme activity with pigmentation. Bücher and his colleagues7,39 studying several enzymes in the skeletal muscles of rabbits and rats have shown distributions of enzyme activities favoring glycolysis in white muscles and oxidative processes in red. Recent studies from this laboratory8,42 with histochemical and quantitative methods showed such enzymatic differences not only between different muscles, but between various types of muscle fibers within a muscle.

Add or change institution