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June 1966

Higher Cortical Functions in Man.

Arch Neurol. 1966;14(6):681-682. doi:10.1001/archneur.1966.00470120113016

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This is an important book, if only because it summarizes the views and experience of Professor Luria, the dean of Soviet neuropsychologists. For this reason any disappointment that one may express with regard to its contents needs to be backed by argument.

The book falls into three sections: a review of neuroanatomy and neurophysiology as they relate to organic disorders of mental function; a correlation of such disorders with lesions of different cortical regions; and lastly, a description of the methods of clinical examination employed, eg, aphasia, apraxia, and memory disturbances. In the first section the burden of discussion concerns the localizationist's and antilocalizationist's theories of mental function. Professor Luria's solution to this controversy is given by reference to the Pavlovian system of cortical analyzers, which he describes as "dynamically localized." Some of the important clinical material relevant to problems of localization is sketchily presented, eg, the questions posed by

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