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Article
July 1969

Experimental Hypertrophic Neuropathy: Pathogenesis of Onion-Bulb Formations Produced by Repeated Tourniquet Applications

Arch Neurol. 1969;21(1):73-95. doi:10.1001/archneur.1969.00480130087010
Abstract

IN A PAPER on "Progressive Hypertrophic Interstitial Neuropathy of Infancy," Dejerine and Sottas1 described the clinical and pathologic features of a recessively inherited, severe, mixed peripheral neuropathy with enlargement of nerves. Subsequently, the enlargement of nerves seenclinically and postmortem and the histologic features of onion-bulb formations were found to be associated with disorders which seemed to be different, as judged by their natural history, pattern of inheritance, and biochemical alterations.2-8

In reports based on light-microscopic examination of peripheral nerves, there has been some disagreement on the origin and cellular composition of the onion-bulb formation (also called "cuff" or "whorl"). The majority of authors favored a Schwann-cell origin,6,9-19 though a few of them noted a connective-tissue constituent in the whorl.14,15 Dejerine and Sottas,1 and particularly Dejerine20 with AndréThomas,2 and others22-26 favored a connective-tissue origin. That myelinated fibers lay at the center of

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