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December 1970

Syphilis and the Eye.

Arch Neurol. 1970;23(6):577. doi:10.1001/archneur.1970.00480300099019

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There has been a resurgence of interest in ocular syphilis following recent report that spirochetes may be recovered from the aqueous humor of inflamed eyes. The year, 1969, is also the 100th anniversary of the discovery by Argyll Robertson of the pupillary reactions named after him. Thus, the text is presented at this time to summarize our knowledge of ocular syphilis and pay tribute to Argyll Robertson.

The book may be appropriately divided into three parts: The first part is devoted to the life of Argyll Robertson and the status of knowledge concerning pupillary reactions in his time. The second division deals briefly with the implications stemming from discovery of Treponema forms, or as some who hesitate to commit themselves would say, spiral forms within the inflamed eye. The present status of therapy for syphilis is also discussed here.

The third division, and the major portion of the volume, is written by Irene Lowenfeld and consists of a critical survey of the literature on

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