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August 1975

Guanidine and Neuromuscular Transmission: I. Effect on Transmitter Release Occurring Spontaneously and in Response to Single Nerve Stimuli

Author Affiliations

From the departments of pharmacology and clinical neurophysiology, University of Lund, Sweden. Dr. Kamenskaya is now at Lomonosow State University, Moscow.

Arch Neurol. 1975;32(8):505-509. doi:10.1001/archneur.1975.00490500025001

The effect of guanidine on neuromuscular transmission was studied in human intercostal muscle and mouse diaphragm preparations in vitro. Guanidine greatly increased the number of acetylcholine (ACh) quanta released by a single motor nerve action potential. This effect of guanidine was greater at junctions with a low quantum content. The spontaneous release of ACh quanta was not substantially changed by guanidine. No change was found in the postsynaptic sensitivity to ACh released from the motor nerve or iontophoretically applied to the muscle fiber. Effects of the drug had slow onset and were very long-lasting and resistant to wash.

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