• Results of a histochemical study of glutamic dehydrogenase in experimental portal-systemic encephalopathy with hyperammonemia indicate that the enzyme's activity in brain was increased in all stages of the encephalopathy, and this increase appeared to be localized exclusively in astrocytes. The results are consistent with the view that the astrocyte has a critical role in ammonia metabolism in brain, probably in ammonia detoxification. The findings, moreover, indicate that one pool of glutamate, possibly the small pool, is located in the astrocyte.
Norenberg MD. Histochemical Studies in Experimental Portal-Systemic EncephalopathyI. Glutamic Dehydrogenase. Arch Neurol. 1976;33(4):265–269. doi:10.1001/archneur.1976.00500040049007
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