• A 6-week-old infant had recurrent contractions of the facial musculature on the left side, which continued throughout early childhood. Surgical exploration at 51/2 years of age revealed a ganglioneuroma of the fourth ventricle. Hemifacial spasm (HFS) in infancy and childhood suggests the possibility of serious intracranial pathologic findings.
Langston JW, Tharp BR. Infantile Hemifacial Spasm. Arch Neurol. 1976;33(4):302–303. doi:10.1001/archneur.1976.00500040086016
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