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Article
April 1976

Biology and Neurophysiology of the Conditioned Reflex and Its Role in Adaptive Behavior

Arch Neurol. 1976;33(4):310-311. doi:10.1001/archneur.1976.00500040094031

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Abstract

Eight of Pavlov's pupils were living several years ago, in Russia and abroad: Pyotr Anokhin, Esraz Asratyan, Nikolai Krasnogorsky, Ivanov-Smolensky (Russia), Jerzy Konorski (Poland), Takashi Hayashi (Japan), TenCate (Holland), and myself (USA.). Beritov, in Tiflis, though not a pupil of Pavlov, had been remarkably productive both experimentally and ideationally in the field of physiological behavior. By 1975, since all but two students of Pavlov, ie, those who worked directly with him, have now died, the work of his pupils may, for review purposes, be considered complete. We may thus assess the work of Pavlov by the contributions of his pupils, as well as by his influence among those who knew him only through his writings.

One of the most outstanding and consistently productive of Pavlov's students was Pyotr Kuzmich Anokhin, who was an active experimentalist beginning with his sojourn in Pavlov's laboratory for about a decade, from the mid-1920s to

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