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May 1979

Tapia's Syndrome The Erratic Evolution of an Eponym

Author Affiliations

From the Section on Epidemiology, National Institute of Neurological and Communicative Disorders and Stroke, Bethesda, Md (Dr Schoenberg); the Department of Neurology, National Naval Medical Center, Bethesda, Md (Dr Massey); and the Department of Neurology, Georgetown University School of Medicine, Washington, DC (Drs Schoenberg and Massey).

Arch Neurol. 1979;36(5):257-260. doi:10.1001/archneur.1979.00500410035003

• The syndrome first described in 1904 by the Spanish otolaryngologist, Antonio Garcia Tapia, has been variously interpreted by subsequent authors such that there is little current agreement as to the site of the lesion responsible for the condition or the specific symptoms included in this disorder. The confusion arose in part because Tapia's original patient had associated neurologic findings. Careful review of Tapia's reports reveals (1) that he regarded the syndrome as consisting of ipsilateral hemiplegia of the larynx and tongue with normal function of the soft palate and (2) that he believed the lesion resulting in these signs was outside the CNS.