• Epidemiological, clinical, and CSF data were collected on 87 patients with clinically definite multiple sclerosis (MS) and 50 with probable MS. As part of a study of immunologic reactivity to viral antigens, a control group separated into 26 patients with probable inflammatory neural disease and 140 with noninflammatory neural disease was similarly studied. Among the groups with MS, females predominated and both Oriental and Spanish surnamed patients were underrepresented. The spinal cord, optic nerves, and brainstem were the most common sites of initial disease and more than 20% of the patients had only cord symptoms after several years of disease activity. Of several CSF assays used, determination of oligoclonal IgG bands by agarose electrophoresis was most useful diagnostically.
Johnson KP, Likosky WH, Nelson BJ, Fein G. Comprehensive Viral Immunology of Multiple Sclerosis: I. Clinical, Epidemiological, and CSF Studies. Arch Neurol. 1980;37(9):537–541. doi:10.1001/archneur.1980.00500580033003
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