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June 1981

Choreoacanthocytosis: Clues to Clinical Diagnosis

Author Affiliations

From the Neurological Institute (Drs Sakai, Iwashita, Goto, and Kuroiwa), Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neurology, Kyushu University, Fukuoka; and the Health Administration Center (Dr Mawatari), Kyushu Institute of Technology, Kitakyushu, Japan.

Arch Neurol. 1981;38(6):335-338. doi:10.1001/archneur.1981.00510060037003

• Acanthocytosis, tongue-biting, denervation of the peripheral nerves, and increased levels of serum creatine phosphokinase were common in four cases, three familial and one sporadic, of choreoacanthocytosis, but were not seen in eight cases of Huntington's disease. Mental deterioration was minor and serum β-lipoprotein levels were normal in this syndrome. Autosomal recessive inheritance is likely in choreoacanthocytosis, if it is a genetic disease.

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