• A patient who had linear scleroderma associated with ipsilateral hemiatrophy of the tongue and subsequent facial hemiatrophy was studied. Biopsy specimens of the plaque of scleroderma showed the skin changes of scleroderma as well as fascial and muscle changes. The fascia had an impressive plasma cell fasciitis with numerous plasma cells and scattered lymphohistiocytic cells. Histochemical study of the temporalis muscle underlying the plaque of circumscribed scleroderma disclosed severe localized atrophy of type 1 and type 2 fibers similar to the pathologic findings previously described in a patient with localized scleroderma.
Schwartz RA, Tedesco AS, Stern LZ, Kaminska AM, Haraldsen JM, Grekin DA. Myopathy Associated With Sclerodermal Facial Hemiatrophy. Arch Neurol. 1981;38(9):592–594. doi:10.1001/archneur.1981.00510090086013
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