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September 1983

Hypothalamic AstrocytomaSyndrome of Hyperphagia, Obesity, and Disturbances of Behavior and Endocrine and Autonomic Function

Arch Neurol. 1983;40(9):560-563. doi:10.1001/archneur.1983.04050080060011

• A 26-year-old woman had hyperphagia, obesity, aggressive behavior, visual hallucinations, reversal of wake-sleep patterns, hypothermia, hypothyroidism, and amenorrhea. She died of pancreatitis, probably secondary to hypothermia. Autopsy revealed a low-grade astrocytoma in the third ventricle and medial anterior and mid hypothalamus, primarily on the right. Although she exhibited thyroid and ovarian hypofunction, the patient had intact median eminence and pituitary function, suggesting end-organ failure, possibly of an autoimmune nature.