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July 1984

Plasmapheresis With Immunosuppressive Drug Therapy in Progressive Multiple Sclerosis: A Pilot Study

Author Affiliations

From the Departments of Neurology (Drs Khatri and McQuillen) and Pathology (Dr Koethe), Medical College of Wisconsin, Froedtert Memorial Lutheran Hospital, Milwaukee.

Arch Neurol. 1984;41(7):734-738. doi:10.1001/archneur.1984.04050180056018

• In light of encouraging preliminary data, 45 patients with severely progressive multiple sclerosis underwent long-term plasmapheresis in conjunction with low-dose cyclophosphamide and prednisone therapy. The disease progression was monitored by the Kurtzke disability status scale (DSS) and functional systems scale, neuro-ophthalmologic evaluations, evoked potentials, computed tomographic scans, and suppressor cell function assays. The conditions of 28 of the 45 patients improved significantly, the conditions of 14 patients showed limited improvement, and the conditions of three patients neither improved nor worsened. Improvement in other parameters correlated with the clinical results. Significant improvement in suppressor cell function was noted in those patients whose conditions had improved by one or more steps on the DSS.

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