• Benign intracranial hypertension (BIH) may occasionally be associated with false localizing cranial nerve palsies. Abducens nerve palsies reportedly occur in 10% to 60% of patients with BIH, whereas other cranial nerve palsies occur much less frequently. We treated a woman with benign intracranial hypertension and facial diplegia who showed complete resolution of her cranial nerve palsies after control of her elevated intracranial pressure with a lumboperitoneal shunt. The pathophysiologic course of cranial nerve palsies in patients with BIH is uncertain but in most cases probably represents a nonspecific pressure-related phenomenon, as was clearly demonstrated in this patient. The clinical association of BIH and facial diplegia has not, to our knowledge, been reported previously.
Kiwak KJ, Levine SE. Benign Intracranial Hypertension and Facial Diplegia. Arch Neurol. 1984;41(7):787–788. doi:10.1001/archneur.1984.04050180113031
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