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November 1985

Recurrence of Childhood Multiple Tic in Late Adult Life

Author Affiliations

From the Department of Neurological Science, Rush-Presbyterian-St Lukes Medical Center (Dr Klawans), and the Department of Neurology, University of Illinois, College of Medicine (Dr Barr), Chicago.

Arch Neurol. 1985;42(11):1079-1080. doi:10.1001/archneur.1985.04060100061023

• In contrast to the lifelong persistence of symptoms characteristic of Gilles de la Tourette's syndrome, multiple tic of childhood is considered to be a self-limited disorder that remits by early adulthood. We describe four patients who had a history of multiple tic of childhood, complete absence of tics throughout most of their adult lives, and recurrence of tics in late adult life. All four had multiple tics that began before the age of 9 years and included both motor and vocal tics that changed in location and severity over time. None of the patients exhibited coprolalia. All tics subsided before the age of 20 years, only to recur after the age of 60 years, once again including both motor and vocal tics that changed in location and severity slowly over time. The one patient who was severely bothered by the recurrence of motor and vocal tics responded well to haloperidol. Although they do not fit into any accepted diagnostic category for multiple tic, these patients suggest that multiple tic of childhood can recur in adult life. This suggests that Gilles de la Tourette's syndrome may be a continuum for chronic multiple tic of childhood to fullblown classic Gilles de la Tourette's syndrome.

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