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June 1987

Transient Immunologic Defect in a Case of Listeria Rhombencephalitis

Author Affiliations

From the Services of Neurology (Drs Goday, Santamaria, and Tolosa) and Immunology (Drs Lozano and Gallart), Hospital Clinic i Provincial de Barcelona (Spain).

Arch Neurol. 1987;44(6):666-667. doi:10.1001/archneur.1987.00520180080023

• We report a case of Listeria rhombencephalitis in a previously healthy 60-year-old man. Listeria rhombencephalitis is a rare but well-defined clinical syndrome of lower brain-stem involvement caused by Listeria monocytogenes. Contrary to other listerioses, rhombencephalitis has been mainly observed in patients without predisposing conditions. In our case, however, findings of a detailed immunologic study, performed three months and one year, respectively, after clinical onset of Listeria rhombencephalitis manifestations, showed a transient cellular immunity defect, not associated with any other apparent disease.

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