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April 1989

A Tribute to Martinus Rulandus: A 16th-Century Description of Benign Focal Epilepsy of Childhood

Author Affiliations

From the Department of Clinical Neurophysiology, University Hospital, Utrecht, the Netherlands.

Arch Neurol. 1989;46(4):445-447. doi:10.1001/archneur.1989.00520400105027

• There is a tendency to call benign focal epilepsy of childhood with centrotemporal origin rolandic epilepsy for the sake of brevity. Martinus Rulandus, a 16th-century medical author, deserves this homage far more than Rolando. Attention is drawn to this 1597 description of the disease, which has become the subject of many publications since 1952. Many characteristics of the disease were already noticed about four centuries ago.