• Small deep cerebral infarcts, often referred to as lacunes, have been traditionally associated with small-vessel disease affecting the deep penetrating arterial system. We describe 10 cases where these infarcts were associated with severe, ipsilateral internal carotid artery occlusive disease. Seven of these patients also had severe occlusive disease of the contralateral internal carotid artery. The clinical and radiologic features, in combination with studies of cerebral blood flow, were consistent with hemodynamically mediated cerebral ischemia. Occlusive internal carotid artery disease may be more commonly associated with hemodynamic cerebral ischemia than previously believed, and small cerebral infarcts in the deep arterial border zone areas are likely to be an important manifestation of this process.
Waterston JA, Brown MM, Butler P, Swash M. Small Deep Cerebral Infarcts Associated With Occlusive Internal Carotid Artery Disease: A Hemodynamic Phenomenon? Arch Neurol. 1990;47(9):953–957. doi:10.1001/archneur.1990.00530090023007
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