• A population-based study of pairs of relatives (siblings, second- and third-degree) concordant for multiple sclerosis did not show an excess of like-sexed pairs. In addition, data on human lymphocyte antigen typing for sibling pairs concordant for multiple sclerosis did not find an increase in haplotype sharing for like-sexed pairs. These data do not support the notion that sex-related factors influence multiple-sclerosis susceptibility in families.
Sadovnick AD, Bulman DE, Hashimoto L, D'Hooghe MB, Ebers GC. The Influence of Gender on the Susceptibility to Multiple Sclerosis in Sibships. Arch Neurol. 1991;48(6):586–588. doi:10.1001/archneur.1991.00530180038014
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