• Several studies have identified advanced maternal age as a risk factor for Alzheimer's disease. This study evaluated maternal and paternal age at birth of 237 patients with Alzheimer's disease, each of whom was matched to five control subjects based on sex, year of birth, survival age, and location of residence. It was found that decreased paternal age substantially increased the susceptibility to the common form of Alzheimer's disease that occurs after the age of 67 years, whereas advanced maternal age had a negligible effect on risk of Alzheimer's disease. The higher incidence of late-onset Alzheimer's disease among persons born to younger fathers is consistent with a genetic imprinting mechanism involving DNA methylation. The proposed model postulates a role for environmental agents in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease and accounts for families that show an aggregation of cases but no apparent pattern of inheritance.
Farrer LA, Cupples LA, Connor L, Wolf PA, Growdon JH. Association of Decreased Paternal Age and Late-Onset Alzheimer's Disease: An Example of Genetic Imprinting? Arch Neurol. 1991;48(6):599–604. doi:10.1001/archneur.1991.00530180051017
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