• The neurocognitive effects of aluminum (Al) were studied in 35 hemodialysis patients. Higher Al levels were associated with a decline in visual memory. As Al levels increased, patients with lower vocabulary scores (a measure of premorbid intelligence) showed a decline in attention/concentration, frontal lobe functions, and on several neurocognitive measures, while those with higher vocabulary scores revealed no Al-related decline. These results suggest that individuals with lower verbal intelligence may possess less well-developed compensatory strategies to overcome the neurocognitive effects associated with Al. These data also indicate that Al is neurotoxic and, therefore, potential sources of environmental Al should be identified and eliminated.
Bolla KI, Briefel G, Spector D, et al. Neurocognitive Effects of Aluminum. Arch Neurol. 1992;49(10):1021–1026. doi:10.1001/archneur.1992.00530340037015
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