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June 1993

Workshop on Neurobehavioral Disorders in Multiple Sclerosis: Diagnosis, Underlying Disease, Natural History, and Therapeutic Intervention, Bergamo, Italy, June 25-27, 1992

Author Affiliations

From the Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee (Dr Rao); National Multiple Sclerosis Society, New York, NY (Dr Reingold); The National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery, London, England (Dr Ron); Hôpital de la Salpêtrière, Paris, France (Dr Lyon-Caen); and Ospedale S Raffaele, Milan, Italy (Dr Comi).

Arch Neurol. 1993;50(6):658-662. doi:10.1001/archneur.1993.00540060088026

More than 85 scientists attended a workshop in Bergamo, Italy, on June 25 through 27,1992, to discuss the diagnosis, underlying disease, natural history, and therapeutic intervention of neurobehavioral disorders in multiple sclerosis (MS). The rationale for the meeting was based on recent scientific progress in the understanding of the cognitive and emotional changes that occur in a substantial number of patients with MS. The emphasis of the meeting was not only to summarize the current state of knowledge in the field, but, more important, to identify understudied areas and to develop new strategies for future studies.

The meeting was opened by W. Ian McDonald, MD (London, England), who reminded us that while mental changes have been recognized since the earliest clinical accounts of MS, it is only in the past decade that they have been defined in detail and attempts have been made to relate them to cerebral pathological changes.

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