To compare the efficacy and toxicity of 4-aminopyridine and 3,4-diaminopyridine in patients with multiple sclerosis.
Intervention study with a before-after design and a randomized, double-blind, crossover design.
University referral center.
Twenty-four patients with definite multiple sclerosis who had been treated in a previous clinical trial with 4-aminopyridine.
Nonresponders to treatment with 4-aminopyridine (14 patients) were treated with 3,4-diaminopyridine in a 4-week, open-label trial with doses up to 1.0 mg/kg of body weight (before-after design). Responders to treatment with 4-aminopyridine (10 patients) participated in a comparative study of 6 weeks' duration with 4-aminopyridine and 3,4-diaminopyridine according to a randomized, double-blind, double-crossover design.
Main Outcome Measures:
Neurophysiologic variables for nonresponders, neurologic functions and symptoms on a visual analogue scale for responders, and side effects for both groups.
Toxicity profiles of 4-aminopyridine and 3,4-diaminopyridine were different, and systemic tolerability was reduced for 3,4-diaminopyridine. 4-Aminopyridine was more effective than 3,4-diaminopyridine, especially for ambulation, fatigue, and overall daily functioning.
Our data suggest that, concerning both efficacy and side effects, 4-aminopyridine is superior to 3,4-diaminopyridine in the treatment of patients with multiple sclerosis.
Polman CH, Bertelsmann FW, de Waal R, et al. 4-Aminopyridine Is Superior to 3,4-Diaminopyridine in the Treatment of Patients With Multiple Sclerosis. Arch Neurol. 1994;51(11):1136–1139. doi:10.1001/archneur.1994.00540230074016
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