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Article
December 1994

A Large Swedish Family With Alzheimer's Disease With a Codon 670/671 Amyloid Precursor Protein Mutation: A Clinical and Genealogical Investigation

Author Affiliations

From the Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Section of Geriatric Medicine, Karolinska Institute, Huddinge (Sweden) University Hospital.

Arch Neurol. 1994;51(12):1193-1197. doi:10.1001/archneur.1994.00540240037013
Abstract

Objective:  To describe clinical and genealogic features in a Swedish family with Alzheimer's disease with a double mutation of the amyloid precursor protein gene at codon 670/671 and to study the effects of anticipation and imprinting.

Design:  Interviews with relatives, clinical investigations of the diseased, pedigree analysis, studies of medical records, and comparison with other families affected by Alzheimer's disease with amyloid precursor protein mutations.

Setting:  The Alzheimer's Disease Research Centre, Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Section of Geriatric Medicine, Karolinska Institute, Huddinge (Sweden) University Hospital.

Patients and Other Participants:  Individuals with the amyloid precursor protein codon 670/671 mutation and their relatives (N=66).

Results:  The trait was traced through eight generations, and an autosomal dominant inheritance with very high penetrance was observed. Onset occurred between 44 and 61 years of age (mean, 53 years). The mean duration of disease was 8.5 years (range, 3 to 13 years). The earliest clinical manifestations were deficits in memory function and abstract reasoning. Myoclonic jerks and seizures were common symptoms late in the disease. Anticipation and imprinting effects were not found in this family.

Conclusions:  The disease in this family has a single origin—a double mutation in the amyloid precursor protein gene at codon 670/671 transmitted as an autosomal dominant trait. The wide range in age at onset and the clinical symptoms in this pedigree give a characteristic phenotype similar to that seen in some of the other pedigrees with amyloid precursor protein mutations.

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