Evidence of skull trephinations with survival date from the Neolithic period. Sir Victor Horsley1suggested that the trephinations might have been performed for relief of Jacksonian epilepsy. However, the first account of surgery specifically for epilepsy was by Divetus2(1527-1586):
Meador KJ. Beginnings of the Modern Era of Epilepsy Surgery. Arch Neurol. 1999;56(5):629–630. doi:10.1001/archneur.56.5.629
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