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History of Neurology: Neurology was there
April 2001

Neurology Was There1910

Author Affiliations

Copyright 2001 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved. Applicable FARS/DFARS Restrictions Apply to Government Use.2001

Arch Neurol. 2001;58(4):663-665. doi:10.1001/archneur.58.4.663

The year 1910 saw the ascendance of modernism as a scientific, social, and artistic movement. Cubism took the art world by storm. Stravinsky's Firebird Suite was performed in Paris. The German Expressionist group Die Brücke held its first exhibition in Berlin. Marie Curie and J. J. Thompson probed the depth of the atom. Neurology was there.

In 1910, Freudian psychoanalysis, that most modern of theories, provoked a lively debate among neurologists. Ernest Jones,1 Freud's Welsh colleague and biographer, published an outline of psychoanalysis describing the principles of repression, word association, dream analysis, and free association. At the 36th annual meeting of the American Neurological Association (ANA), held in Washington, DC, from May 2 through May 4, 1910, James J. Putnam,2 professor of neurology at Harvard, read a paper describing his personal experience using Freudian psychoanalysis to treat a series of patients. He regretted that he was not able to devote the amount of time prescribed by Freud for the treatment of these patients. He also deviated slightly from other parts of Freud's method. Even so, he observed that the patients whom he had treated with psychoanalysis seemed to have improved more than those he treated with other methods.

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