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History of Neurology: Neurology was there
May 2001

Neurology Was There—1980

Author Affiliations

From the Department of Neurology, Medical College of Georgia, Augusta.

Arch Neurol. 2001;58(5):824-826. doi:10.1001/archneur.58.5.824

The Iran hostage crisis began in November 1979, when a mob of Iranians seized the US embassy in Tehran. In March 1980, a helicopter rescue effort by US troops failed. In part, this failure led later in the year to the election of Ronald Reagan who replaced Jimmy Carter as President. The hostages were finally released on January 20, 1981—only a few hours after Carter left office. In 1980, Iraq began a costly 8-year war with Iran, which ended in a stalemate. In Poland, Lech Walesa led a strike by shipyard workers and established the Solidarity Party, the first independent labor union behind the Iron Curtain. The death of Yugoslavian communist president Tito initiated a long power struggle, which ultimately resulted in fragmentation of the country. The United States and 57 other countries boycotted the summer Olympics held in Moscow to protest Soviet occupation of Afghanistan. Mount St Helens erupted violently on May 18, 1980, sending a volcanic plume 60 000 feet into the air. Ted Turner launched the first 24-hour a day cable news television network. NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration) explored Saturn with the Voyager I probe. In the scientific, social, and political realms of medicine, neurology was there.

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