RENEWED INTEREST in the surgical treatment of Parkinson disease (PD), essential tremor (ET), and other movement disorders has been fueled by an improved understanding of the functional anatomy of the basal ganglia and their connections; refinements of methods and techniques in neurosurgery, neurophysiology, and neuroimaging; and the emergence of complications from chronic medical therapy.1 Because of an increased awareness of surgical options for patients with PD, the attitudes of physicians toward referring patients for surgery have been changing. In one survey, 94.3% of neurologists considered referring their patients with PD for surgery.2
Jankovic J. Surgery for Parkinson Disease and Other Movement Disorders: Benefits and Limitations of Ablation, Stimulation, Restoration, and Radiation. Arch Neurol. 2001;58(12):1970–1972. doi:10.1001/archneur.58.12.1970
Artificial Intelligence Resource Center
Customize your JAMA Network experience by selecting one or more topics from the list below.