Author Affiliations: Praxis für Neurologie, Ravensburg, Germany (Prof Dr med H. J. von Büdingen); and Department of Neurology, University of California, San Francisco (Dr H.-C. von Büdingen).
Diagnostic ultrasonography in neurovascular disease has come a long way since its pioneers described properties of blood flow in healthy vessels, anatomical variants, collateral systems, and occlusive disorders. While conventional angiography continues to provide the most exact anatomical insight, it was neurosonology that afforded a functional understanding of cerebral blood flow and its regulatory capacities. Over the years, a number of handbooks on ultrasonography of cervical and cerebral blood vessels of all permutations of practical applicability have been published. Some are geared toward providing a manual and quick reference for the sonographer, others require highly interested readers and describe physical properties pertaining to ultrasonography per se and cerebral blood flow in great detail, and others yet are somewhere in between.
Neurosonology and Neuroimaging of Stroke. Arch Neurol. 2010;67(5):642. doi:10.1001/archneurol.2010.81