[Skip to Content]
[Skip to Content Landing]
June 1964

Dural Sinus Pressure: In Normal and Hydrocephalic Dogs

Author Affiliations

Department of Neurological Surgery, New York University School of Medicine.

Arch Neurol. 1964;10(6):575-580. doi:10.1001/archneur.1964.00460180041003

Introduction  A series of experiments in dogs have been undertaken to define the relationship of intracranial venous pressure as measured in the membranous and bony superior sagittal sinus to cerebrospinal fluid pressure. Previous workers1,2 have shown that cerebrospinal fluid pressure is normally greater than that within the sagittal sinus, and in addition that acute elevations of cerebrospinal fluid pressure are not followed by an increased pressure in the sinus.9 Such data implies that there normally exists a gradient of pressure encouraging the transport of fluid from cerebrospinal fluid to sinus and also demonstrates the "venting" action of the venous sinus system in damping and compensating for acute changes in cerebrospinal fluid pressure, by acting as a low pressure runoff for the subarachnoid veins. Hydrocephalus represents a state of chronically elevated cerebrospinal fluid pressure and permits study of cerebrospinal fluid dural venous pressure relationships under such a condition.Theoretically

Bedford, T. H. B.:  Effect of Variations in Subarachnoid Pressure on Venous Pressure in Superior Longitudinal Sinus and in Torcular of Dog ,  J Physiol 101:362-368, 1942.
Bering, E. A., Jr., and Salibi, B.:  Production of Hydrocephalus by Increased Cephalic-Venous Pressure ,  AMA Arch Neurol Psychiat 81:693-698, 1959.Crossref
Brecher, G. A.:  Venous Return , New York: Grune & Stratton, Inc., 1956.
Falkner, F.:  Physical Development of Children, appendix ,  Pediatrics 29:448 ( (March) ) 1962.
Kinal, M. E.:  Hydrocephalus and Dural Venous Sinuses ,  J Neurosurg 19:195-201, 1962.Crossref
Weed, L. H., and Flexner, L. B.:  Relations of Intracranial Pressures ,  Am J Physiol 105:266-272, 1963.
Weigelin, E., and Lohlein, H.:  Blutdruck-messungen an den episkleralen Gefassen des Auges bei kreislaufgesund Personen ,  Graefes Arch Opthal 153:202-213, 1952.Crossref
Welch, K., and Friedman, J.:  Cerebrospinal Fluid Valves ,  Brain 83:454-469, 1960.Crossref
Wright, R. D.:  Experimental Observations on Increased Intracranial Pressure ,  Aust New Zeal J Surg 7:215-235, 1938.Crossref