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Na DL, Suh CK, Choi SH, et al. Diffusion-Weighted Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Probable Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease: A Clinical-Anatomic Correlation. Arch Neurol. 1999;56(8):951–957. doi:https://doi.org/10.1001/archneur.56.8.951
Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) is a rare transmissible disease that typically causes a rapidly progressive dementia and leads to death in less than 1 year. Although a few anecdotal reports suggest that diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging may help substantiate premortem diagnosis of CJD, detailed correlation between radiographic data and clinical, electrophysiologic, and metabolic parameters is not available.
Signal abnormalities on diffusion-weighted images in 3 consecutive patients with probable CJD were correlated with psychometric features, electroencephalographic findings, and functional images with either positron emission tomography or single photon emission computed tomography.
Focality of abnormalities on diffusion-weighted image, not apparent on routine magnetic resonance images, correlated closely with clinical manifestations of CJD. The topographic distribution of signal abnormality on diffusion-weighted image corresponded with abnormal metabolism or perfusion on positron emission and single photon emission computed tomographic scans. In 2 cases, the laterality of diffusion abnormalities correlated with periodic sharp wave activity on electroencephalograms.
These findings extend previous observations that suggested a diagnostic and localizing utility of diffusion-weighted imaging in CJD.
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