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Comment & Response
July 2017

Tumor Sidedness and Prognosis in Colorectal Cancer: Is Microbiome the Missing Link?

Author Affiliations
  • 1Department of Medical Oncology, Hacettepe University Cancer Institute, Altındag, Ankara, Turkey
JAMA Oncol. 2017;3(7):1000. doi:10.1001/jamaoncol.2017.0034

To the Editor We read with great interest the systematic review and meta-analysis by Petrelli and colleagues published in JAMA Oncology.1 Among 1.5 million patients with colon cancer, those with left-sided tumors were shown to have better prognosis and lower risk of death in all stages compared with right-sided tumors. As the authors mention, different embryologic origin and poor histological and genetic features, including a higher rate of diploidy, mucinous histologic findings, microsatellite instability, CpG island methylation, and BRAF mutation in right-sided tumors, and more frequent p53 and KRAS mutations in left-sided tumors might explain the difference in prognosis, but the exact mechanism is not known.

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