A white woman in her 70s with advanced Alzheimer disease was referred to the hematology clinic for evaluation of a high hemoglobin level (169 g/L; normal range, 120-160 g/L) and red blood cell count (5.67 × 1012/L; normal range, 3.8-4.8 × 1012/L) as well as a generalized itch that was worse after a bath. On examination, she had a florid, erythematous macular eruption over the trunk and limbs (Figure, A) but no hepatosplenomegaly or lymphadenopathy. In addition to the high hemoglobin level, mild lymphocytosis (absolute lymphocyte count, 6.2 × 109/L, range 1.5-4.0 × 109/L) was noted with the lymphocyte morphology, suggesting reactive changes. Skin biopsy specimen (Figure, B) showed a normal epidermis with a pericapillary infiltrate of small lymphocytes restricted to the dermis and no leukocytoclastic vasculitis, fungal organisms, or dermal mucin. The absence of cellular atypia and epidermal involvement suggested a diagnosis of lupus, or gyrate or annular erythema, and the need for clinicopathological correlation.
McLaughlin D, Kernohan NM, Tauro S. Erythematous Macular Eruption in an Older Woman. JAMA Oncol. Published online December 13, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamaoncol.2018.5317
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