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Comment & Response
April 25, 2019

Lower Risk of Hepatocellular Carcinoma With Tenofovir vs Entecavir in Patients With Chronic Hepatitis B

Author Affiliations
  • 1Department of Infectious Diseases, the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, China
JAMA Oncol. Published online April 25, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamaoncol.2019.0641

To the Editor We read with interest the article by Choi et al1 recently published in JAMA Oncology. The authors performed a nationwide historical population cohort study involving 24 156 treatment-naive patients with chronic hepatitis B who started treatment with entecavir or tenofovir disoproxil fumarate, comparing the 2 drugs in terms of the risk of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and death or liver transplant. An interesting result was that tenofovir treatment was associated with a significantly lower risk of HCC compared with entecavir treatment.1 After reading this article carefully, we thought that 1 important issue should be discussed.

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