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Research Letter
July 18, 2019

Association of Gender and Parenthood With Conference Attendance Among Early Career Oncologists

Author Affiliations
  • 1Department of Radiation Oncology, John Theurer Cancer Center, a Hackensack Meridian Health-Memorial Sloan Kettering Center partnership, Hackensack, New Jersey
  • 2Center for Cancer Biostatistics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor
  • 3Center for Bioethics and Social Science in Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor
  • 4Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor
JAMA Oncol. Published online July 18, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamaoncol.2019.1864

Little is known about early career oncologists’ priorities regarding attending national conferences or whether their experiences differ by gender.

After approval and waiver of documentation of written informed consent by the University of Michigan institutional review board, in 2017, we surveyed 449 oncologists at 47 National Cancer Institute-designated comprehensive cancer centers who had completed their hematology/oncology or radiation oncology training within 6 years after 2010, identified by internet searches, mailing a $20 gift and a questionnaire asking about conference attendance, perceived benefits and barriers, and demographics. All variables analyzed were self-reported except specialty, which was based on publicly available information. For 2 questions scoring importance on a scale of 1 to 10, the end points were labeled “not at all important” and “extremely important”; for an item scoring satisfaction on a scale of 1 to 10, the end points were labeled “not satisfied at all” to “very satisfied.” We report raw frequencies along with comparisons by gender adjusted for specialty. Multivariable linear regression models evaluated factors associated with conference attendance and with career satisfaction. Data were analyzed using SAS statistical software (version 9.4; SAS Institute, Inc).

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