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Comment & Response
November 21, 2019

Additional Factors in the Association of Gender and Parenthood With Conference Attendance

Author Affiliations
  • 1Division of Hematology/Oncology, Department of Medicine, Tri-Service General Hospital, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei, Taiwan
JAMA Oncol. Published online November 21, 2019. doi:https://doi.org/10.1001/jamaoncol.2019.5014

To the Editor Knoll et al1 explored the associations of gender and parenthood with conference attendance among early-career oncologists and found that female oncologists attend fewer conferences because of childcare responsibilities, namely, having children who required adult supervision. Career satisfaction was also notably lower in women compared with men.1 In addition to childcare responsibilities, other factors may be associated with this disparity. First, there is a growing trend for increasing the number of female physicians; however, women are underrepresented in leadership roles.2

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