Daratumumab is a human immunoglobulin G1κ monoclonal antibody directed against cluster of differentiation (CD) 38 that received US Food and Drug Administration approval in 2017 as multiple myeloma therapy. While CD38 is highly expressed by myeloma cells, it is also expressed by activated macrophages and appears to play an important role in Listeria defense, inhibiting the infection of the macrophage cytoplasm by phagocytosed bacilli and preventing macrophage-based dissemination.1 In mice, CD38 inactivation causes a marked susceptibility to Listeria monocytogenes. As CD38 is also induced on human macrophages, identical mechanisms may underlie human Listeria protection.2
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Khan S, Vaisman A, Hota SS, et al. Listeria Susceptibility in Patients With Multiple Myeloma Receiving Daratumumab-Based Therapy. JAMA Oncol. Published online November 27, 2019. doi:https://doi.org/10.1001/jamaoncol.2019.5098
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