Pinato and colleagues1 found that antibiotic (ATB) therapy administered prior (pATB) to immune checkpoint inhibitor (ICI) therapy was associated with a worse overall survival (OS) in patients with cancer treated with ICI therapy. This finding would have important implications for ATB use prior to ICI therapy. However, in our opinion, the negative association of pATB with ICI efficacy was overestimated, and several problems and mistakes in the study may make the conclusion misleading and biased.
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Huang X, Gao P, Wang Z. Antibiotic Treatment and Immune Checkpoint Inhibitor Therapy in Patients With Cancer. JAMA Oncol. Published online February 20, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamaoncol.2019.6859
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