When a child is diagnosed with cancer, every parent has 2 questions. The first is whether the child can survive. The second is what kind of life the child will have if he does. Although more than 80% of children diagnosed with cancer in the US today will become long-term survivors,1 parents are right to worry about the long-term effects of treatment. More than 60% of long-term survivors have at least 1 chronic health condition after childhood cancer treatment,2,3 and more than one-quarter have a severe or life-threatening condition.2 By the time survivors reach the age of 45 years, health challenges are almost universal, with chronic health conditions identified among more than 95% of those who have survived childhood cancer.3 Survivors also bear increased risk of impairments in quality of life, mental health, and psychosocial attainment even years beyond cancer.4,5
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Mack JW. Exercise and Well-being in Adult Survivors of Childhood Cancer—Time for Interventions. JAMA Oncol. Published online June 25, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamaoncol.2020.1658
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