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Review
May 6, 2021

Hyperthermic Intraperitoneal Chemotherapy for Ovarian and Colorectal Cancer: A Review

Author Affiliations
  • 1Department of Gynecologic Oncology, The Netherlands Cancer Institute, Amsterdam
  • 2Department of Surgical Oncology, The Netherlands Cancer Institute, Amsterdam
  • 3Department of Medical Oncology, The Netherlands Cancer Institute, Amsterdam
  • 4Center for Gynecologic Oncology Amsterdam, The Netherlands Cancer Institute, Amsterdam
JAMA Oncol. Published online May 6, 2021. doi:10.1001/jamaoncol.2021.0580
Abstract

Importance  The peritoneal surface is a common site of disease in ovarian and colorectal cancer. Peritoneal metastases carry a poor prognosis, despite maximal therapeutic efforts, including surgical removal of tumor deposits and intravenous chemotherapy. Hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) is a single intraoperative procedure that delivers chemotherapy directly into the abdominal cavity, leading to high intracellular drug concentration at the peritoneal surface. This review describes the current knowledge regarding the mechanism of action, safety, and efficacy of HIPEC in the treatment of peritoneal metastases from epithelial ovarian and colorectal cancers and explores current knowledge gaps.

Observations  Toxic effects of HIPEC are limited. Evidence from a randomized trial shows improved recurrence-free and overall survival after HIPEC in patients with ovarian cancer who are ineligible for primary cytoreductive surgery (CRS). The effect of HIPEC for patients with ovarian cancer undergoing primary CRS or CRS for recurrent disease has not yet been determined, and results of ongoing trials must be awaited. A recent study in patients with peritoneal metastases from colorectal cancer did not show a benefit of HIPEC when added to perioperative chemotherapy.

Conclusions and Relevance  Based on available evidence, various international guidelines include the option to add HIPEC to interval CRS for patients with stage III ovarian cancer. The role of HIPEC in colorectal cancer is less well defined. Future studies will need to tailor patient selection, timing, and optimal regimens of HIPEC to improve the effectiveness of this specialized treatment in ovarian, colorectal, and other tumor types.

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