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Year

Day

August 27, 2020
Original Investigation

External Evaluation of 3 Commercial Artificial Intelligence Algorithms for Independent Assessment of Screening Mammograms

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Oncol. Published online August 27, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamaoncol.2020.3321

This case-control study of women screened at an academic hospital in Stockholm, Sweden, evaluates 3 commercially available artificial intelligence algorithms to assess whether they perform independently as well or better than radiologists in mammography screening assessment or improve the performance of radiologists.

Neoadjuvant Nivolumab or Nivolumab Plus Ipilimumab in Untreated Oral Cavity Squamous Cell Carcinoma: A Phase 2 Open-Label Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Oncol. Published online August 27, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamaoncol.2020.2955

This randomized clinical trial examines the safety and efficacy of neoadjuvant nivolumab or nivolumab plus ipilimumab administered prior to surgery in patients with untreated squamous cell carcinoma of the oral cavity.

Tailoring Intensity of Active Surveillance for Low-Risk Prostate Cancer Based on Individualized Prediction of Risk Stability

Abstract Full Text
has audio
JAMA Oncol. Published online August 27, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamaoncol.2020.3187

This cohort study uses data from the Canary Prostate Active Surveillance Study and University of California, San Francisco to investigate whether monitoring frequency of men with diagnosed prostate cancer can be tailored based on risk stability outcomes.

Research Letter

Prevalence of Surface Contamination With SARS-CoV-2 in a Radiation Oncology Clinic

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Oncol. Published online August 27, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamaoncol.2020.3552

This quality improvement study assesses surface contamination with SARS-CoV-2 in the radiation oncology department of a large COVID-19 referral center and discusses implications for routine cleaning and disinfecting practices.

Review

Assessment of Postprostatectomy Radiotherapy as Adjuvant or Salvage Therapy in Patients With Prostate Cancer: A Systematic Review

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Oncol. Published online August 27, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamaoncol.2020.2832

This narrative review discusses the use of postoperative radiotherapy in men with prostate cancer.

JAMA Oncology Clinical Challenge

Watery Diarrhea in a Patient With Metastatic Appendiceal Adenocarcinoma

Abstract Full Text
has active quiz
JAMA Oncol. Published online August 27, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamaoncol.2020.2178

A 72-year-old man with metastatic appendiceal adenocarcinoma undergoing chemotherapy with capecitabine plus oxaliplatin presents with lower abdominal pain and watery, large-volume diarrhea up to 15 times per day for the previous 3 weeks. What is your diagnosis?

Invited Commentary

Artificial Intelligence to Support Independent Assessment of Screening Mammograms—The Time Has Come

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Oncol. Published online August 27, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamaoncol.2020.3186
Comment & Response

Caring for Patients With Cancer in the Face of Self-Vulnerability During the COVID-19 Pandemic

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Oncol. Published online August 27, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamaoncol.2020.3330

Caring for Patients With Cancer in the Face of Self-Vulnerability During the COVID-19 Pandemic—Reply

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Oncol. Published online August 27, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamaoncol.2020.3333
August 20, 2020
Original Investigation

Comparison of Survival After Transoral Robotic Surgery vs Nonrobotic Surgery in Patients With Early-Stage Oropharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Oncol. Published online August 20, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamaoncol.2020.3172

This comparative effectiveness study compares the long-term outcomes of transoral robotic surgery with those of nonrobotic surgery in patients with early-stage oropharyngeal cancer.

Morbidity and Mortality of Laparoscopic vs Open Total Gastrectomy for Clinical Stage I Gastric Cancer: The CLASS02 Multicenter Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Oncol. Published online August 20, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamaoncol.2020.3152

This randomized clinical trial compares the safety of laparoscopic total gastrectomy vs conventional open total gastrectomy in patients with clinical stage I gastric cancer.

Research Letter

Association of Industry Sponsorship With Cancer Clinical Trial Accrual

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Oncol. Published online August 20, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamaoncol.2020.1284

This meta-analysis assesses oncologic phase 3 trials using a mandatory web-based registration database as a means of identifying and quantifying factors associated with accrual completion.

Viewpoint

The Public Health Standard in Action—Analysis of the US Food and Drug Administration’s IQOS Review

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Oncol. Published online August 20, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamaoncol.2020.3316

This Viewpoint describes 3 issues to be considered before upcoming US Food and Drug Administration reviews of electronic cigarette products.

Editorial

Robotic Surgery and Oncologic Outcomes

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Oncol. Published online August 20, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamaoncol.2020.2996
Comment & Response

Metastasis-Directed Therapy for Oligorecurrent Prostate Cancer—Not All That Glitters Is Gold

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Oncol. Published online August 20, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamaoncol.2020.2829

Metastasis-Directed Therapy for Oligorecurrent Prostate Cancer—Not All That Glitters Is Gold—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Oncol. Published online August 20, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamaoncol.2020.2842
August 13, 2020
Original Investigation

Diabetes, Weight Change, and Pancreatic Cancer Risk

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Oncol. Published online August 13, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamaoncol.2020.2948

This cohort study examines multiyear self-reported demographic, lifestyle choice, and medical history data to track weight changes, disease diagnoses, health outcomes, and other factors associated with pancreatic cancer risk among participants in 2 long-term national surveys.

Research Letter

Relative Timing of Radiotherapy and Androgen Deprivation for Prostate Cancer and Implications for Treatment During the COVID-19 Pandemic

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Oncol. Published online August 13, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamaoncol.2020.3545

This cohort study uses National Cancer Database data from 2004 to 2014 to examine the association between overall survival and timing of radiotherapy relative to androgen deprivation therapy in patients with prostate cancer.

Viewpoint

Disparities in Cancer Outcomes Due to COVID-19—A Tale of 2 Cities

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Oncol. Published online August 13, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamaoncol.2020.3327

This Viewpoint calls for greater attention to racial and socioeconomic health disparities affecting patients with cancer in the setting of COVID-19.

Comment & Response

Targeted Intraoperative Radiotherapy for Early Breast Cancer

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Oncol. Published online August 13, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamaoncol.2020.2713

Targeted Intraoperative Radiotherapy for Early Breast Cancer

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Oncol. Published online August 13, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamaoncol.2020.2716

Targeted Intraoperative Radiotherapy for Early Breast Cancer

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Oncol. Published online August 13, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamaoncol.2020.2719

Targeted Intraoperative Radiotherapy for Early Breast Cancer—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Oncol. Published online August 13, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamaoncol.2020.2730
Correction

Incomplete Affiliations Given for 2 Authors

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Oncol. Published online August 13, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamaoncol.2020.4158
August 6, 2020
Research Letter

Race Disparities in Proton Radiotherapy Use for Cancer Treatment in Patients Enrolled in Children’s Oncology Group Trials

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Oncol. Published online August 6, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamaoncol.2020.2259

This quality improvement study examines disparities in proton radiotherapy use in patients enrolled in Children’s Oncology Group Trials

Comment & Response

Assessing Expression of PD-L1 in Tumor-Associated Macrophages

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Oncol. Published online August 6, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamaoncol.2020.2698

Assessing Expression of PD-L1 in Tumor-Associated Macrophages—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Oncol. Published online August 6, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamaoncol.2020.2722
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